Blog by Alexander Hu Law

Contracts in Real Estate: Key Clauses and Pitfalls Buyers and Sellers in Toronto Need to Be Aware Of

  • Alexander Hu Law

Buying or selling a property in Toronto can be an exciting yet daunting experience. Whether you're a seasoned investor or a first-time buyer, understanding the intricacies of real estate contracts is paramount to safeguarding your investment. At Alexander Hu Law, we specialize exclusively in real estate law and are dedicated to protecting our clients' interests throughout the transaction process. In this blog post, we'll delve into some of the crucial clauses and potential pitfalls that buyers and sellers need to be mindful of when navigating real estate contracts in Toronto.


Offer and Acceptance: The foundation of any real estate transaction is the offer and the acceptance phase. This is where the buyer submits an offer to purchase the property, and the seller either accepts, rejects, or counters the offer. It's crucial to ensure that all terms and conditions are clearly outlined in writing to avoid any misunderstandings or disputes later on. 

Purchase Price and Deposit: The purchase price and deposit amount are central components of the contract. Buyers must carefully consider their budget and financial capabilities before making an offer, while sellers should be realistic in setting their asking price. The deposit serves as earnest money and demonstrates the buyer's commitment to the transaction. 

Conditions and Contingencies: Real estate contracts often include various conditions and contingencies that must be met for the sale to proceed. These may include obtaining financing,  satisfactory home inspections, or selling the buyer's existing property. It's essential to clearly define these conditions and specify deadlines for fulfillment to avoid potential delays or cancellations. 

Closing Date and Possession: The closing date marks the culmination of the transaction when ownership of the property is transferred from the seller to the buyer. Both parties must agree on a mutually acceptable closing date and adhere to the specified timeline. Additionally, the contract should outline the terms of possession, including when the buyer will take possession of the property. 

Title and Property Disclosure: Buyers should conduct thorough due diligence to ensure the property's title is clear of any encumbrances or defects. Sellers are typically required to provide a property disclosure statement outlining any known issues or defects with the property. Both parties must review these documents carefully and address any concerns before finalizing the contract. 

Legal Representation and Review: Engaging the services of a qualified real estate lawyer is essential for both buyers and sellers. A legal professional can review the contract, identify potential risks or discrepancies, and ensure your rights are protected throughout the transaction process. At Alexander Hu Law, we provide expert guidance and personalized attention to each client's needs and concerns. 

Dispute Resolution and Remedies: Despite careful planning and negotiation, disputes may still arise during the transaction process. The contract should include provisions for dispute resolution, such as mediation or arbitration, to resolve conflicts amicably. In cases of breach of contract, remedies such as specific performance or damages may be pursued to enforce the terms of the agreement. 

Closing Costs and Adjustments: Buyers and sellers should be aware of the various closing costs associated with the transaction, including legal fees, land transfer taxes, and property insurance.  Additionally, adjustments may be made for property taxes, utilities, and other expenses prorated between the parties. It's essential to factor these costs into your budget and financial planning.


Navigating real estate contracts in Toronto requires careful consideration of various clauses and potential pitfalls. Whether buying or selling a property, having a knowledgeable and experienced legal advocate is invaluable. At Alexander Hu Law, we provide top-tier client-focused service and protect our clients' investments at every step. Contact us today to learn how we can assist you with your real estate transaction needs. 

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